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WAKE FOREST — Daylight Saving time comes to an end Sunday and it is time to “fall back” one hour.
Officially, the time to set clocks back is 2 a.m., but most folks do it as they go to bed.
Standard time was instituted in the U.S. and Canada by the railroads in 1883. However, it was not established in U.S. law until the Standard Time Act of March 19, 1918. This act also established daylight saving time, which was repealed in 1919, but standard time in time zones remained in law.
Congress enacted earlier starting dates for daylight time in response to the energy crisis in the early 1970s.
In 1974, daylight time began on Jan. 6 and in 1975 it began Feb. 23. After those two years, the starting date reverted back to the last Sunday in April.
In 1986, a law was passed that shifted the starting date of daylight time to the first Sunday in April, beginning in 1987. The ending date of daylight time was not subject to such changes, and remained the last Sunday in October.
The Energy Policy Act of 2005 changed both the starting and ending dates. Now, Daylight Saving Time begins three weeks earlier than before, on the second Sunday in March, and is extended by one week to the first Sunday in November. The new start and stop period began in March 2007.
In 2014, Daylight Saving Time will begin on March 9, when everyone will “spring forward” an hour, and end Nov. 2
Time to change batteries
The start and stop of Daylight Saving Time is also a good time to remember to check the batteries in smoke and carbon monoxide detectors. As both times can also herald the onset of adverse weather patterns, it is also a good time to check emergency preparations.
In the fall, making sure one is prepared for snow or ice storms with subsequent loss of power and heat. In the spring, being prepared for severe storms is key.